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Indian elephant   (Elephas maximus indicus)
Category: Mammals

 

 

The Indian elephant is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant and are native to India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsular, Laos, China, Cambodia, and Vietnam. They can inhabit a variety of grassland and forest ecosystems. These “mega-herbivores” are able to ingest over 300 pounds of plant material a day! Poaching and habitat destruction pose major threats to wild populations and they are classified as endangered.

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_elephant

 

Data & Facts

Scientific Classification
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Mammalia
Order - Proboscidea
Family - Elephantidae
Genus - Elephas
Species - Elephas maximus

 
Did you know?
Interesting Animal Facts

Wake me in 9 months…

There may be times when you are so tired you feel as if you could sleep for several days - but of course that is not possible without dying from dehydration. However, some mammals have such fine control over their metabolisms, they are capable of nodding off for days or even months, in a state called hibernation. This helps an animal survive during cold periods when food is scarce. A prime example is the alpine marmot who can hibernate for up to 9 months of the year: gathering food and adding about 50% more body weight (primarily fat) as summer ends, the alpine marmot seals itself in a deep burrow, heart rate slowing to five beats per minute, breathing as little as once per minute - emerging (far lighter!) in May, when food is once again available!

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