Developed in the border country between Scotland and England, Border Collies were invaluable assistants to the shepherds and helped them to manage large herds of sheep. They first started to become a breed distinct from the modern Collie in the second half of the 19th century, a divergence often credited to Queen Victoria, who became enamored of the Border Collie. The breed as we know it today has been around for about a hundred years and is the world’s premier sheep herder. They possess unparalleled intelligence, herding instinct, and working ability and are known for controlling sheep with their intense gaze or “eye”. They are an extremely energetic breed that is happiest when they have a job to do and space to run. As long as their high exercise and intellectual needs are met they make good family pets and get along with well-behaved children that do not excite their strong herding instincts. They can be reserved with strangers but are loving with their families. They shed seasonally and benefit from regular brushing.