The Doberman Pinscher is an iconic guardian and an embodiment of strength, elegance, courage, and speed. They exude an air of nobility and intelligence and their exceptional trainability has made them highly desirable as police and military dogs. They are thought to have originated in Germany around 1900, taking their name from tax collector Louis Dobermann, who wanted a medium sized dog to serve as both companion and protector. Breeds used in the development of the Doberman may include the old shorthaired shepherd, Rottweiler, Black and Tan Terrier, and the German Pinscher. Ever alert and watchful, the Doberman is a brave and energetic guardian that will back up its warnings if needed. With their family they are loyal and affectionate, able to discern friend from foe. Dobermans require regular exercise but their short hard coats need little maintenance.