The English Cocker Spaniel possesses an almost superfluous amount of verve and vitality, practically vibrating with enthusiasm, especially when hard at work in the field. They are a compact powerhouse, able to tirelessly penetrate the densest brush in search of their quarry. Complementing their admirable work ethic is their endearing personality and trainability. English Cockers are one of the oldest types of land spaniel, descended from original Spanish stock developed for hunting in dense cover and flushing and retrieving game. In order to keep them distinct from the emerging American-type Cocker Spaniel and promote interest in the breed, The English Cocker Spaniel Club of America was formed in 1935; they were recognized as a separate breed in 1946. This breed is merry and affectionate as family pet. They show as much zeal for pleasing their masters in the living room as in the field and their tails almost never stop wagging. They are adaptable to a variety of living situations as long as they receive a strong daily dose of attention and exercise. Their medium long, wavy coats do require regular grooming and clipping.