This streamlined retriever has panache to spare, be it flushing and retrieving waterfowl, adventuring with his people, or participating in show, agility, or obedience rings. They are of a lighter build than the other retrievers but no less suited for hard work. One of their ancestors is the “Retriever Proper”, an amalgamation of the Large Newfoundland, setter, sheepdog, and spaniel-like water dogs. These retrievers were indispensable assistants and companions to fisherman and were regularly traded between North America and Britain. In America they were referred to simply as “Labrador” dogs, then Wavy-Coated, and ultimately Flat-Coated Retrievers, distinct from other “Labrador” dogs. Flat-Coats are known for their cheerful, affectionate natures and make excellent family pets. They are an athletic, driven breed so plenty of exercise is a must to keep them at their healthiest and happiest. Their coats are solid black- or liver-colored, protect them from the elements, and require occasional brushing and grooming.