Home > Pet Guide > Dogs > Newfoundland




The Newfoundland, like many other versatile and intelligent working breeds, has worn many hats throughout its history. They are known foremost as water dogs and are highly valued for their water rescue abilities.  They are strong swimmers and their thick coats protects them from frigid water. In the past they were trained to pull nets for fisherman, used as cart dogs to haul wood and other heavy necessities, and even to power blacksmith’s bellows. It is generally agreed that the Newfoundland’s ancestors were brought over from Europe by fisherman and they may be descended from the Great Pyrenees. Their sweet disposition and docile demeanor makes them a good family dog but they do require daily exercise and frequent brushing of their plush coat. They take very well to obedience training and other canine activities such as conformation, tracking, agility, draft and water tests, and carting.

Each AKC approved purebred breed has its own national club. The mission of these “parent breed clubs” is to improve and preserve a particular breed by advancing knowledge about its history, its health and care requirements and by assuring that the breed’s form and function remain true to its historical physical type and character: A Dalmatian, for instance, should be athletic and have a natural affinity for working with horses. A Fox Terrier should have the right body size and shape, and a drive to go after vermin.

Pet owners, breeders, trainers, veterinarians, and others with a special love for a breed, join the parent breed club to meet like-minded enthusiasts and to support the club’s mission.

The national parent breed club is the first place for the public to go to learn about a breed or find a knowledgeable, experienced breeder.


Scientific Classification
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Mammalia
Order - Carnivora
Family - Canidae
Genus - Canis
Species - Canis Lupus
Subspecies - Canis Lupus Familiaris
Breed - Newfoundland


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