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The dainty Papillon, whose name means “butterfly” in French, has been gracing lucky laps for centuries. They original Papillons, bearing pendulous ears and called Dwarf Spaniels, were commonly depicted in portraits with French and Spanish noblewomen. Over time, the prick-eared variety with its characteristic fringe that we know today was developed.  Today both prick-eared (Papillons) and drop-eared (Phalenes) are acceptable forms and may be present in the same litter. While small and light of bone, they are lively and should not display shyness or aggression. They are cheerful, active companions that do well in an apartment but enjoy outdoor activity as well. They do not have an undercoat but benefit from routine brushing.

Each AKC approved purebred breed has its own national club. The mission of these “parent breed clubs” is to improve and preserve a particular breed by advancing knowledge about its history, its health and care requirements and by assuring that the breed’s form and function remain true to its historical physical type and character: A Dalmatian, for instance, should be athletic and have a natural affinity for working with horses. A Fox Terrier should have the right body size and shape, and a drive to go after vermin.

Pet owners, breeders, trainers, veterinarians, and others with a special love for a breed, join the parent breed club to meet like-minded enthusiasts and to support the club’s mission.

The national parent breed club is the first place for the public to go to learn about a breed or find a knowledgeable, experienced breeder.


Scientific Classification
Kingdom - Animalia
Phylum - Chordata
Class - Mammalia
Order - Carnivora
Family - Canidae
Genus - Canis
Species - Canis Lupus
Subspecies - Canis Lupus Familiaris
Breed - Papillon


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