The Xoloitzcuintli is one of the oldest and rarest breeds, and archeological evidence indicate that ancestors of this breed accompanied some of America’s first humans on their migration across the Bering Straits. As befits a dog of such prestigious lineage, its name is a combination of the name of an Aztec god (Xolotl) and the Aztec word for dog (Itzcuintli). The Xolo was deeply important in almost every way to the ancient Aztecs. They were family companions, hunters, and guardians. Their warm skin was valued as source of warmth and comfort and even regarded as a curative for ailments such as arthritis and other painful conditions. They held spiritual importance as protectors from evil spirits and as objects of sacrifice. The modern Xolo’s ancestors were vital as a reliable and nutritious food source. The Xolo is known for its tranquil but attentive personality and appreciated for its moderate size, grooming needs, and activity level.